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Sardinia and Corsica chase in the middle of the western Mediterranean divided only by a short stretch of sea to ten kilometers of the Strait of Bonifacio;
The National Park occupies a land surface of 5,100 hectares and a maritime area of 15,046 acres and stretches over 180 km of coastline, stretching from the Strait of Bonifacio and including all the islands belong to the Archipelago of La Maddalena.
The archipelago has always been a coveted place at the strategic level, the theater in times of dramatic events, as evidenced by the presence of Napoleon, Nelson, Garibaldi, forts and military works. La Maddalena is built around the port of Cala Gavetta between the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
Polo socially and economically of great importance, it was originally inhabited by shepherds courses and then attended by families of fishermen from Campania and Liguria, who practiced coral fishing.
The Park has a large number of habitats, associations and plant species of great interest, both to the specificity of the flora, both for the types of vegetation, with numerous endemic species and phytogeographical interest. In the Archipelago of La Maddalena we were surveyed over 100 types of vegetation and 36 different types of natural habitats of community interest.
The vegetation of the islands is heavily influenced by the wind factor, insolation aridity and poor soil, the altitude and gradient on the distance from the mainland. The main plant formations are typical of the Mediterranean Coast: There is a stain dominated by juniper, corbezzolo, mastic, myrtle.